Tag Archives: Punjabi Wedding

Sikh Wedding Rituals: Mesmerizing & colorful!

Sikh Wedding Rituals

Sikh wedding rituals are very colorful, exciting and generally lasts for a week and more. It is different from typical Hindu wedding, where the priest fixes an auspicious date for the wedding, whereas in a Sikh wedding does not follow such traditions. Rather, date of wedding is generally decided mutually by the by the families of Sikh bride & groom. On the wedding day, the Sikh bride and groom for marriage takes phera in a gurudwara in front of the holy Guru Granth Sahib and their respective families and friends. Let’s take a close look at some significant wedding rituals of Sikh wedding.

Engagement ceremony/Kurmai ceremony: In the special ceremony, the bhaiji of the gurudwara applies the tilak on the forehead of the groom and recites religious rhymes to shower the blessings. Both the families exchange the gifts. The bride and the groom exchange the rings in the presence of their respective families and friends.

Chunni Chadhai ceremony: After the engagement ceremony, this is the next ceremony that is conducted in the presence of both the families. Generally, the family of the Sikh groom visits the bride’s house. The mother of the groom covers the head of her future-daughter-in-law with chunni. She also gives her gifts, jewellery, clothes, sweets and dry-fruits to the would-be-bride as auspicious ritual. As a ritual, the mother of the groom applies a little mehendi on the hands of would-be-bride.

Chuda ceremony: This is one of the most-loved and awaited rituals in the lives of all Sikh and Punjabi girls. In the ceremony, the bride’s maternal uncle get her red and white bangles on which golden colored kalire are tied as ritual.

Gana Rituals: This ceremony is held in both the families like sacred red thread is tied on the bride’s left hand and the groom’s right hand. Generally, this is conducted a few days prior to the actual wedding date. This sacred thread is believed to protect the couple from all bad omen and spirits.

Mehendi ceremony: This is very fun-filled function of a Sikh wedding. In this ritual, the families of both the bride and groom either organize a combined get-together or separate ones for their close relatives and friends. Mehendi is applied on the hands of both the Sikh bride and groom. The female members of both the families also apply mehendi on their hands. It is fun-filled activity, members of both the families also prepare special dance performances to present on the day during mehendi function.

Gharoli ritual: In this ritual, the females of the family brought holy water from the Gurudwara. The bride and the groom are supposed to bathe with this holy water. This water is brought by the sister-in-law of the bride and the groom respectively in an earthen pot.

Milni ceremony: When the braat arrives at the wedding venue, the bride’s family members welcome the groom’s family with the gifts known as sagan. Even at times, the relatives of both the families also exchange garlands.

Wedding ceremony: The actual wedding ceremony in Sikh wedding is not elaborate. Both the families go to Gurudwara and attend the main kirtan. The granthi in the Gurudwara recites the ardaas. After this, the couple then takes four pheras and carries a kripan in his hand. After that they are pronounced married and take the blessings of all elders.

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Khatri Wedding Rituals: Enjoy The Colors Of Celebration & Excitement!

khatri wedding rituals

Kharti community basically belongs to Punjab state. Their wedding rituals are more or less similar to Punjabi wedding rituals. The people of this community like to marry their son or daughter within the community. They are Khatri brides and groom within their community. Their wedding rituals are full of life, excitement and enthusiasm. Let’s take a look at some of the wedding rituals of Khatri community.

Sagaai: Once the alliance is accepted between the families of Khatri boy and girl for marriage, the family members and close relatives of the bride go to groom’s house with fruits, gift, sweets and other things to confirm this new relationship. The elder members of the bride’s family apply tilak on groom’s forehead and offer him gifts, clothes and sweets. This whole ceremony is known as Sagaai in khatri community.

Godh Bharai: This ritual is generally conducted two or three days prior to the wedding. The groom’s family and relatives visit the bride’s house with gifts, dry fruits, sweets, jewelry, clothes and other things. The mother and other elder ladies of the family offer all these things to would-be-bride. The groom’s mother places silver platters containing all these gifts in the lap of the bride. They also apply tilak on her forehead.

Kangna: This ritual is conducted in both bride’s and groom’s family. The pujari performs all the rituals related to this important ceremony. He ties a sacred red thread on the hand of bride/groom which contains betel nuts, tamarind and tiny shells. This is generally done to protect the bride/groom from the ill/negative powers and all the rituals of the marriage end peacefully. They are supposed to keep it on their hands till the end of all wedding rituals.

Mehendi: This ceremony is performed in both the houses. The heena is applied on the hands and feet of bride by the mehendi artist. All the females of the family also apply heena on their hands. This is really important ceremony. Heena is important and has its relevance too. As per a common belief, if the color of the bride’s mehendi is really dark, then her husband/mother-in-law will love her more.

Sedhe hath tanni kadhai: This ceremony is also conducted in both the families wherein the relatives and family members of both the family apply paste of besan paste made by mustard oil, fresh milk, curd and turmeric. The paste is applied on face, shoulders, hands and feet of the couple. After this ceremony they take the bath.

Chuda ceremony: In this ceremony, the bride’s maternal uncle and aunt slip a set of red chuda bangles on bride’s wrist after a puja is done by the priest. She receives blessing by all the family members after this ceremony.

Sehrabandi and Ghodi chadhna: An elderly male of the groom’s family tie the veil on the forehead of the groom. This ceremony is known as sehrabandi. The next ritual is Ghodi chadhna, after which the groom’s  family proceeds with baraat towards the wedding venue.

Varmala: After reaching the venue the bride and groom exchange the garland as ritual, it is known as varmala ceremony. After this, rest of the ceremonies takes place.

Kanyadan: After the vermala ceremony, the bride and groom is taken to the mandap, where father of the bride performs kandyadan ceremony. This is followed by the mangalsutra ceremony in front of the sacred fire.

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Importance of First Lohri After Marriage in Punjabi’s

Happy Lohri Festival in Punjab

Lohri is majorly celebrated in North Indian states like Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. The festival is mainly the harvest festival of Punjab. The festival has its importance and significance in Punjab and all such states, where it is being celebrated. It basically marks the end of the chilling winters and warmly welcomes the season of fruitfulness, spring and the Indian New Year. Generally people believed that the night of the Lohri is the longest night of the year, post which the days begin to turn longer and the nights become shorter. People celebrate Lohri as a festival of the God Sun and Fire.

Importance of Lohri: There are many mythological stories and believes that are linked with this important festival of Punjab. Some believes that it actually traces back to name of the wife of Sant Kabir. However, some believe that the sister of Holika, who perished in the fire while trying to kill Prahlad, while her sister Lohri survived due to her piety. There are people, who believe that Lohri festival was named on the Loh, or the appliance which is used to turn and pressing Chapattis or Indian breads. Besides, all these stories and believes there are many other stories as well like Lohri is basically a short form of Tilohri where Til seeds and Rorhi, the components of the food items are combined to create this world.  

How to celebrate such a significant festival?  It is mainly the community festival and celebrated with family, friends and relatives. It is mainly a harvest festival, therefore, it has its importance for farmers. The main attraction of this important festival is primarily meant to be observed by the farmers, but since Punjab is an agricultural land, almost everyone participate in this festival.

The main attraction point of this festival is the huge bonfire which is lit and people gather, sing and dance around it. During the festival celebration many rituals are performed like throwing of sesame seeds, gur or jiggery, sugarcane sticks, rewaris, popcorns and several other items into the fire. No Lohri festival cerebration is complete without the beats of Dhol and Bhangra dance. It is considered the most exciting dancing style and people dressed in most vibrant and colorful dress to make their mark on this special occasion.

First Lohri Celebration for the newly brides: The newly brides in Punjabi wedding wear the colorful bangles, new clothes and try to look her best on that special day. Even the groom is also expected to wear the new attire and a colorful turban to match with the bride. As a ritual, the bride receives various gifts like clothes, jewelry, sweets, make up-kit, etc. Generally the first Lohri is celebrated with all family members, relatives and friends. All the arrangements are done on a wider scale. The family organizes dinner for all the family members, relatives and guests who are present for the celebration. Bride is also supposed to gift clothes and other things to her in-laws and other guests who are there. The couple also seeks blessings and good wishes from their elders on this day.

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Popular Punjabi Wedding Ceremony in India

Punjabi wedding

The Punjabi language is spoken by native people of Panjabi origin in India and worldwide. Punjabi language is widely used for communication by the people in Pakistan, England, Canada, UAE, United States, and Australia. Also there is cultural influence through Bollywood films among the Indian diaspora. Punjabi wedding are mostly organized in Punjabi with reflection of Punjabi traditions. The Punjabi people are generally well income and business class living in various parts of the globe. They may prefer to marry to a partner with Punjabi culture or original family.

The traditional marriage ceremony of Sikhs and Punjabi are packed with dance, music, rituals with delicious foods. Wedding ceremony of Punjabi are steps of cultural programs.

Pre-Wedding Ceremony

At this function the groom and bride committed for wedlock with matrimonial proposals. Before the engagement a ceremony called ‘Rokka’ where the groom’s family comes to the bride’s house to give gift and blessings. One the engagement day “Mangni” is ver high profile, when the bride’s family members come to groom’s home with jewellery gifts to confirm the marriage. On the Sagai day, the bride’s father applies ‘Tikka’ on the groom’s forehead. Sangeet day is celebrated in a banquet hall where the women sing Punjabi songs and dance party dinner. Mehndi ceremony is major program before marriage, where both the bride and groom apply Mehendi to their palms, hands and feet. Bride apply the Mehndi which gifted by her future Mother in Law.

Marriage Day Ceremony

This function is arranged at the bride’s house or wedding venue with mutually decided. First introduction ‘Milni’ of Sikh marriage ‘Ardas’ is done by the head in charge Sikh scriptures with the family members. The bride’s side gives ‘Shagun’ to the groom’s father. Next is Jaimala (Varmala) where both groom and bride exchange flowers garlands on each other by accept each other love to live together. Then the ‘Kanyadaan’ ceremony where the bride’s father gives his daughter hand to the groom. And ‘Saath Pheras’ with the 7 rounds circles of sacred fire. Now the groom applies Sindoor (vermilion) to his bride and ties necklace which called ‘Mangalsutra Rasam’. After the rituals the couple touches the feet of elder family members for their blessings for happy marriage. Finally the ‘Joota Chupai’(hiding the shoes) by bride’s sisters which is fun tradition and they charge gift from groom to return his shoes.

Post-Wedding Ceremony

After the wedding, the ‘Doli Vidaai’ is the departure of newly married bride from her parental house and says goodbye to her parents and family. Then she is welcomed by her mother-in-law and accepts her Bahu as newest daughter. Reception at the Groom’s house newly married couple, first the bride step to house with her right foot at entrance door before she enters the house. Then, along with her husband, she must offer puja in their room. Wish you a very happy wedding.

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