Monthly Archives: October 2015

Vijayadashami – Celebration of Dussehra and Durga Puja Festival

Navratri Vijayadashami Dussehra Durga Puja Festival

This festival of Navratri (Nine Nights) for Goddess Durga is celebrated by people of India. For these fesival of nine days, nine forms of Maa Durga are worshipped with full of tradition. Finally the tenth day is known as Vijayadashami or Dussehra. This year Navratri starts from 13th October to 22nd October 2015 with spiritual prayer and fast with worship of Goddess Durga. Diwali is always comes 20 days after Dussehra festival. Vijayadashami is public holiday in India where people celebrated it as one of the most important festival of the year. It is also celebrated in neighbouring countries Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

On this Dussehra the victory of Maa Durga celebrated by killing Mahishasur the demons king. Also on the same day, Lord Rama defeated the demon king Ravana the ten-headed which described in the epic Ramayan. Special Garba dance is organized for the celebration of Navrati where both boys and girls perform dance devotional with songs. It is most popular in India and Indian communities living around the world. Devotees eat one time food during night after giving prayers to Goddess Durga. Navrati foods are available in various hotels, restaurants throughout the 9 days of celebration. Eating of non-veg foods, onion and garlic and are strictly avoided for Navaratri foods.

In this period of 9 days people worship Lord Rama and organise the RamaLeela drama as the story of the Ramayan. On the Dussehra night the fairs and large parades with effigies of demon king Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Meghanad are burnt to mark the victory of Lord Ram. Special functions are organised at in cities of India with the festive mood of entertainment. Lots of cultural functions with traditional values are arranged the family and home. This also time of release of big cinemas of Bollywood and other regional film industry. This is widely celebrated every parts of India including states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Delhi with Navratri colours. In the eastern states like West Bengal, Odisha, Assam, Manipur the festival is mostly celebrated as Durga Puja or Dusshera.

Vijayadashami is also widely celebrated in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala. This is also referred as the auspicious day to begin with new business, education, buying new house and new company start-up with blessings of Goddess Durga. The significance of victory of Maa Durga over Mahishasura or victory Lord Rama over Ravana which marked as is victory of good over the evil. Durga Puja pendals are decorated with idols of Durga in the cities. People buy new clothings for family members and exchange sweets with relatives. Devoties apply red Tilaka on forehead and prayers with songs in the temples.

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Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti – International Day of Non-Violence

Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti - 2nd October - International Day of Non-Violence

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on the 2nd October year on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi). The great freedom fighter of India is regarded as the ‘Father of the Nation’. Mahatma Gandhi is popularly known as ‘GandhiJi’ and ‘BapuJi’ in India and the world. He was born on 2 Oct 1869 to his Hindu parents named Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai in Porbandar, Gujarat. This day is observed as national holiday across all the states and territories of Republic of India. It is also one of 3 official national holidays of India which are 26 January (Republic Day) and 15 August (Independence Day) declared as public holidays.

On this national day, all the Govt. offices, banking, and postal services (excluding the emerging services) are normally closed to remember the great the son of Mother India. Private companies mark as holiday with opening of emergency services like medical, health care, and transport service for urgent needs of the public. However, most of the school, college, university and education institutes organise essay completion, quiz, public debate related on life and history of Mahatma Gandhi. There are cultural functions from the Govt. and private organizations, TV Channels and media circles to celebrate the learning and quotes by Gandhiji.

International Day of Non-Violence by the United Nations

On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly announced by adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be observed as the International Day of Non-Violence in the world. On this day, there are so many public debates arranged by the United Nations offices in various cities of the world.

In India, Gandhi Jayanti official celebration starts with a prayer services at Raj Ghat, Gandhi’s memorial (his cremated place) in New Delhi. National slogans like ‘Vande Mataram, Jai Hind and Satyamev Jayate’ are given with prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies in different cities by local government institutions and educational institutions and political parties. Favourite painting competitions are conducted among the children with prizes given for projects in schools for peace, non-violence. A Hindu devotional song “Raghupathi Raghava Rajaram” is usually sung in his memory which Gandhi’s favourite Bhajan of spiritual.

People lighting candles and offering flowers on Gandhi’s statue or photo in all parts of India. Remembering his patriotic and philosophy which inspires all the Indian freedom for Independence of India from the British. Awards are given to important personalities for glorifying non-violence and peace of Gandhi’s ideology. There are 3 most important places of Mahatma Gandhi. Please travel the following historical places which explore you more about the life of Mahatma Gandhi.

Sabarmati Asharm – The place of the Gandhi’s most of the life living.
Martyr’s Column at Gandhi Smriti in Delhi – Here Gandhi was shot down.
Raj Ghat on banks of river Yamuna in Delhi – The place of his cremation.

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